Posts Tagged: CTC


CTCs as prognostic markers for metastatic breast cancer

Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) are tumor cells circulating freely in the peripheral blood of patients. The characterization of CTCs is considered as a real-time “liquid biopsy” that provides an ongoing picture of a patient’s cancer status, offering valuable insight into personalized anticancer therapy. CTCs are very rare and highly heterogeneous, possessing tumor-specific antigenic and genetic characteristics. One… Read article →


Circulating tumor cell assays and bladder cancer care

In the United States, bladder cancer is surprisingly common, accounting for 4.5% of all new cancer cases in 2015 (1). Worldwide, approximately 365,000 cases are reported every year (2). Clinically, bladder cancer is classified as non-muscle-invasive (70% of new cases), muscle-invasive (20% of new cases), or metastatic (5%) (3). For non-muscle-invasive disease, first-line treatment is resection of… Read article →